Birthright Citizens: A History of Race and Rights in Antebellum America

Availability: In stock

Before the Civil War, colonization schemes and black laws threatened to deport former slaves born in the United States. Birthright Citizens recovers the story of how African American activists remade national belonging through battles in legislatures, conventions, and courthouses. They faced formidable opposition, most notoriously from the US Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott. Still, Martha S. Jones explains, no single case defined their status. Former slaves studied law, secured allies, and conducted themselves like citizens, establishing their status through local, everyday claims. All along they argued that birth guaranteed their rights.

With fresh archival sources and an ambitious reframing of constitutional law-making before the Civil War, Jones shows how the Fourteenth Amendment constitutionalized the birthright principle, and black Americans' aspirations were realized. Birthright Citizens tells how African American activists radically transformed the terms of citizenship for all Americans.

  • Challenges the long-standing predominance of the Dred Scott v. Sandford Supreme Court case, showing the much larger story of race and citizenship during this era.
  • Demonstrates how communities learned law and used it to further their rights, taking a social and cultural approach to legal history.
  • Examines how and why citizenship has long been a controversial concept.

2018, Martha S. Jones, 266 pages, paperback

0 stars based on 0 reviews